The Structure of English Language — Sentence Functions

Back to grammar index | back to grammar introduction

This is a simple kind of classification. Sentences are traditionally categorized into four types: statement, command, question or exclamation. These are readily illustrated by examples (note alternative names).

  • Statement or declarative: This is my porridge.
  • Command, wish, imperative or directive: Go and never darken my doors again.
  • Question or interrogative: Who's been eating my porridge?
  • Exclamation: How happy I feel!

Back to top of page